- What does the WHO recommend for tobacco users during the COVID-19 pandemic?
- Can COVID-19 cause severe disease?
- Can water transmit COVID-19?
- What is the COVID-19 pandemic?
- Can the coronavirus disease spread through feces?
- Should you meet with other people during the COVID-19 pandemic?
- Is it normal to experience pandemic fatigue during the COVID-19 pandemic?
- What should I do if I feel unwell during the COVID-19 pandemic?
- Can fans be used safely inside during the COVID-19 pandemic?
- Are smokers more vulnerable to contracting COVID-19?
- What are the dangers of smoking my waterpipe during the coronavirus disease pandemic?
- Will climate change make the COVID-19 pandemic worse?
- Can I get the coronavirus disease from swimming in a swimming pool?
- Does COVID-19 survive in sewage?
- Do COVID-19 and tuberculosis spread in the same way?
- Is the coronavirus disease transmitted by direct contact?
- Should I try and quit tobacco and waterpipe use during the COVID-19 pandemic?
- Which organ is most affected by COVID-19?
- Who is most at risk for COVID-19?
- Can the coronavirus disease be transmitted in hot or humid climates?
- Who should not travel during the COVID-19 pandemic?
What does the WHO recommend for tobacco users during the COVID-19 pandemic?
See full answerGiven the risks to health that tobacco use causes, WHO recommends quitting tobacco use.
Quitting will help your lungs and heart to work better from the moment you stop.
Within 20 minutes of quitting, elevated heart rate and blood pressure drop.
After 12 hours, the carbon monoxide level in the bloodstream drops to normal.
Within 2-12 weeks, circulation improves and lung function increases.
After 1-9 months, coughing and shortness of breath decrease.
Quitting will help to protect your loved ones, especially children, from exposure to second-hand smoke.
WHO recommends the use of proven interventions such as toll-free quit lines, mobile text-messaging cessation programmes, and nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs), among others, for quitting tobacco use..
Can COVID-19 cause severe disease?
While COVID-19 is spreading rapidly, most people will experience only mild or moderate symptoms. That said, this coronavirus can cause severe disease in some people.
Can water transmit COVID-19?
Although persistence in drinking-water is possible, there is no evidence from surrogate human coronaviruses that they are present in surface or groundwater sources or transmitted through contaminated drinking water.
What is the COVID-19 pandemic?
The COVID-19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is a continuing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China.
Can the coronavirus disease spread through feces?
The risk of catching the COVID-19 virus from the faeces of an infected person appears to be low. There is some evidence that the COVID-19 virus may lead to intestinal infection and be present in faeces. Approximately 2−10% of cases of confirmed COVID-19 disease presented with diarrhoea (2−4), and two studies detected COVID-19 viral RNA fragments in the faecal matter of COVID-19 patients (5,6).However, to date only one study has cultured the COVID-19 virus from a single stool specimen (7). There have been no reports of faecal−oral transmission of the COVID-19 virus.
Should you meet with other people during the COVID-19 pandemic?
In this difficult period it is best to meet virtually but if you have to meet others, do it carefully and with the right precautions.
Is it normal to experience pandemic fatigue during the COVID-19 pandemic?
In recent weeks, many countries have been reporting an increase in “pandemic fatigue” – people are feeling demotivated about following recommended behaviours to protect themselves and others from the virus.Finding effective ways to tackle this fatigue and reinvigorate public vigilance is a growing challenge as the crisis continues. Pandemic fatigue evolves gradually over time and is affected by the cultural, social, structural and legislative environment.
What should I do if I feel unwell during the COVID-19 pandemic?
See full answer• Know the full range of symptoms of COVID-19. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, and tiredness. Other symptoms that are less common and may affect some patients include loss of taste or smell, aches and pains, headache, sore throat, nasal congestion, red eyes, diarrhoea, or a skin rash.• Stay home and self-isolate even if you have minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever, until you recover. Call your health care provider or hotline for advice. Have someone bring you supplies. If you need to leave your house or have someone near you, wear a medical mask to avoid infecting others.• If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately. Call by telephone first, if you can and follow the directions of your local health authority.• Keep up to date on the latest information from trusted sources, such as WHO or your local and national health authorities.
Can fans be used safely inside during the COVID-19 pandemic?
Air blowing from an infected person directly at another person in a closed space increases the risk of the virus spreading from one person to another.If COVID-19 is circulating in your community and the use of a table or pedestal fan is unavoidable, it is important to regularly bring in air from outside by opening windows or doors, while minimizing how much air blows from one person (or group of people) to another person (or group of people).
Are smokers more vulnerable to contracting COVID-19?
Tobacco smokers (cigarettes, waterpipes, bidis, cigars, heated tobacco products) may be more vulnerable to contracting COVID-19, as the act of smoking involves contact of fingers (and possibly contaminated cigarettes) with the lips, which increases the possibility of transmission of viruses from hand to mouth. Smoking waterpipes, also known as shisha or hookah, often involves the sharing of mouth pieces and hoses, which could facilitate the transmission of the COVID-19 virus in communal and social settings.
What are the dangers of smoking my waterpipe during the coronavirus disease pandemic?
The main ingredient used in waterpipe is tobacco, and its use has both acute and long-term harmful effects on the respiratory and cardiovascular systems  , likely increasing the risk of diseases including coronary artery disease and COPD .The communal nature of waterpipe smoking means that a single mouthpiece and hose are often shared between users, especially in social settings . In addition, the waterpipe apparatus (including the hose and chamber) itself may provide an environment that promotes the survival of microorganisms outside the body.
Will climate change make the COVID-19 pandemic worse?
See full answerThere is no evidence of a direct connection between climate change and the emergence or transmission of COVID-19 disease. As the disease is now well established in the human population, efforts should focus on reducing transmission and treating patients.However, climate change may indirectly affect the COVID-19 response, as it undermines environmental determinants of health, and places additional stress on health systems. More generally, most emerging infectious diseases, and almost all recent pandemics, originate in wildlife, and there is evidence that increasing human pressure on the natural environment may drive disease emergence. Strengthening health systems, improved surveillance of infectious disease in wildlife, livestock and humans, and greater protection of biodiversity and the natural environment, should reduce the risks of future outbreaks of other new diseases.
Can I get the coronavirus disease from swimming in a swimming pool?
Swimming in a well-maintained, properly chlorinated pool is safe. However, it is advisable to stay away from al crowded areas including crowded swimming pools. Keep 1 metre distance from people who sneeze or cough even in a swimming area.
Does COVID-19 survive in sewage?
While there is no evidence to date about survival of the COVID-19 virus in water or sewage, the virus is likely to become inactivated significantly faster than non-enveloped human enteric viruses with known waterborne transmission (such as adenoviruses, norovirus, rotavirus and hepatitis A).
Do COVID-19 and tuberculosis spread in the same way?
See full answerTB bacilli remain suspended in the air in droplet nuclei for several hours after a TB patient coughs, sneezes, shouts, or sings, and people who inhale them can get infected. The size of these droplet nuclei is a key factor determining their infectiousness. Their concentration decreases with ventilation and exposure to direct sunlight.COVID-19 transmission has primarily been attributed to the direct breathing of droplets expelled by someone with COVID-19 (people may be infectious before clinical features become apparent). Droplets produced by coughing, sneezing, exhaling and speaking may land on objects and surfaces, and contacts can get infected with COVID-19 by touching them and then touching their eyes, nose or mouth . Handwashing, in addition to respiratory precautions, are thus important in the control of COVID-19.
Is the coronavirus disease transmitted by direct contact?
The virus is transmitted through direct contact with respiratory droplets of an infected person (generated through coughing and sneezing). Individuals can also be infected from and touching surfaces contaminated with the virus and touching their face (e.g., eyes, nose, mouth).
Should I try and quit tobacco and waterpipe use during the COVID-19 pandemic?
See full answerTobacco use dramatically increases the risk of many serious health problems, including both respiratory problems (like lung cancer, TB and COPD) and CVDs. While this means that it is always a good idea to quit tobacco use, quitting tobacco and waterpipe use may be especially important at this time to reduce the harm caused by COVID-19. The absence of smoking helps reduce touching the mouth with the fingers.Also, it is possible that current smokers would better manage any pre-existing conditions if they do become infected because quitting tobacco use has an almost immediate positive impact on lung and cardiovascular function and these improvements increase as time goes on. Such improvements may increase the ability of COVID-19 patients to respond to the infection and potentially reduce the risk of developing severe symptoms
Which organ is most affected by COVID-19?
The lungs are the organs most affected by COVID-19 because the virus accesses host cells via the enzyme angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), which is most abundant in type II alveolar cells of the lungs.
Who is most at risk for COVID-19?
COVID-19 is often more severe in people 60+yrs or with health conditions like lung or heart disease, diabetes or conditions that affect their immune system.
Can the coronavirus disease be transmitted in hot or humid climates?
From the evidence so far, the COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in ALL AREAS, including areas with hot and humid weather. Regardless of climate, adopt protective measures if you live in, or travel to an area reporting COVID-19. The best way to protect yourself against COVID-19 is by frequently cleaning your hands. By doing this you eliminate viruses that may be on your hands and avoid infection that could occur by then touching your eyes, mouth, and nose.
Who should not travel during the COVID-19 pandemic?
WHO adviceConfirmed, probable and suspected cases, and contacts of confirmed or probable cases should not travelPersons with any sign or symptom compatible with COVID-19 should not travel, unless COVID-19 diagnostic testing has been conducted and SARS-CoV-2 infection has been ruled out as the cause for illness